4. Social organization is collaborative

Social organization involves collaborative engagement in family and community endeavors, with flexible leadership and trust in learners to take initiative, along with others who also participate at a calm mutual pace.

Featured Publications
(Click on reference for abstract and author information)


López, A., Correa-Chávez, M., Rogoff, B., Gutiérrez, K. (2010). Attention to instruction directed to another by U.S. Mexican-heritage children of varying cultural backgrounds [Atención a instrucción dirigida a otros por niños Estadounidenses de herencia Mexicana de varios origines culturales]. Developmental Psychology, 46, 593-601.

López, A., Rogoff, B., Nafaji, B., Mejía-Arauz, R. (in press). Collaboration and helpfulness as cultural practices [Colaboración y acomedirse como practicas culturales]. In J. Valsiner (Ed.),
Mejia Arauz, R., Rogoff, B., Dexter, A. D. L., & Najafi, B. (2007). Cultural variation in children’s social organization. Child Development, 78, 1001-1014.

Orellana, M. F. (2003). Responsibilities of children in Latino immigrant homes [Responsabilidades de los niños en hogares Latinos migrantes]. New Directions for Youth Development: Understanding the Social Worlds of Immigrant Youth, 100, 25-39.

Paradise, R., & De Haan, M. (2009). Responsibility and reciprocity: Social organization of Mazahua learning practices [Responsabilidad y reciprocidad: Organización social Mazahua en practicas de aprendizaje]. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 40(2), 187-204.

Rogoff, B. (2003). The cultural nature of human development [La naturaleza cultural del desarrollo humano]. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rogoff, B., Goodman Turkanis, C., & Bartlett, L. (2001). Learning together: Children and adults in a school community [Aprendiendo juntos: Niños y adultos en una comunidad escolar]. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rogoff, B., Mistry, J., Göncü, A., & Mosier, C. (1993). Guided participation in cultural activity by toddlers and caregivers [Participación guiada en actividades culturales por niños de 1 a 2 años de edad y sus cuidadores]. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 58 (7, Serial No. 236).

Rogoff, R., Mosier, C., Mistry, J. & Goncu, A. (1993). Toddlers’ guided participation with their caregivers in cultural activity [La participación guiada de pequeños con sus cuidadores en actividad cultural]. In E. A. Forman, N. Minick, & C. A. Stone (Eds.), Contexts for learning: Sociocultural dynamics in children’s development. New York: Oxford University Press.